Sports injuries and their significance outside the context of competitive sport: diagnosis and treatment options. 

Muscle injuries are among the most frequent types of damage caused in both competitive and popular sport. In professional football, for example, muscle injuries account for around a third of all injuries. According to a recent study, the most frequent injuries recorded in the top German football division up until the winter break (break of less than 2 weeks) were ruptures of muscle fibres in the thigh (15 times) followed by hamstring problems, adductor muscle strain, groin problems and ruptures of muscle fibres in the adductor region (7 times each) (www.fussballverletzungen.com).

Other “high-risk sports” include handball (see VBG sport report 2016), tennis, athletics and volleyball. However, this is not all. According to a report by the health insurance fund DAK-Gesundheit, back pain and other musculoskeletal complaints are the commonest reasons for doctor’s notes being issued to German employees (22 %). In November 2016, we chose muscles as the main theme from the journal of sports medicine for our symposium on football medicine & conservative sports medicine. This led to the idea of making muscles the main theme of an edition of the journal. Since prevention, regeneration and conservative treatment play a decisive role in this area, we are presenting different aspects in this edition. It begins with an interview by Robert Erbeldinger with Univ. Prof. Dr. med. Christoph Schmitz, holder of the professorial chair of Anatomy II at Ludwig-Maximilians University in Munich and scientific advisor for the journal of sports medicine on different types of muscle injuries in sport. The emphasis is placed on improved treatment possibilities based on more precise classification and more relevant animal models.... READ ARTICLE